Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System


| Testes |   Epididymis | Seminal vesicles | Vas deferens |
| The Prostrate gland | Corpa cavernosa | Ejaculatory Ducts |

Parts of the penis and scrotum

  1. Testes
    The male sexual glands, testes are ovoid, somewhat rubbery structures, about 4.5 cm (3.5 to 5.5 cms) long in adults. The left usually lies somewhat lower than the right. The testes produce sperms and a hormone - testosterone. Testosterone stimulates the pubertal growth of the male genitalia, prostrate, and seminal vesicles. It also stimulates the development of masculine secondary sex characteristics, including the beard, body hair, muscle development and the male voice. Each testicle produces nearly 150 million sperm every 24 hours. One cycle of sperm production takes 3 months.

  2. Epididymis
    On the back surface of each testis lies the softer, comma-shaped epididymis. The epididymis is where sperms mature. The sperm wait here until ejaculation or nocturnal emission.

  3. Seminal vesicles
    The seminal vesicles produce semen, a fluid that activates and protects the sperm after it has left the penis during ejaculation

  4. Vas deferens
    The ducts leading from the epididymis to the seminal vesicles. These are cut during vasectomy.

  5. The Prostate gland
    Also contributes to the semen. It also prevents urine from mixing with the semen and disturbing the pH balance required by sperm, by squeezing shut the urethral duct to the bladder.

  6. Corpa cavernosa
    The corpora cavernosa are the two spongy bodies of erectile tissue on either side of the penis, which become engorged with blood from arteries in the penis, thus causing erection.

  7. Ejaculatory Ducts
    The path through which semen travels during ejaculation.